What is Hashimoto’s Disease?

thyroid diagram

Hashimoto’s Disease is an immune system disorder in which the body’s own antibodies attack the thyroid gland. Approximately 90 percent of hypothyroid cases are caused by Hashimoto’s disease.

“In the vast majority of cases, hypothyroidism is not actually a problem of just the thyroid gland itself, but rather a condition stemming from overreactions of the entire immune system.”Dr. Josh Axe

The Causes

Common causes of Hashimoto’s disease include:

  • Allergens and inflammatory foods (gluten, dairy, vaccines etc.)
  • Foods additives
  • Inadequate nutrition, and these three lead to 
  • Leaky Gut Syndrome

(Because 80% of your immune system is in your gut, this syndrome is basically your immunity leaking away! Ed.) 

progress of lgs

Leaky Gut Syndrome

Leaky gut syndrome, in which enlarged holes in the intestinal lining allow large particles such as gluten to enter the blood stream, can be a major factor in thyroid disease. This is why a gluten-free, anti-inflammatory diet is recommended for thyroid disorders (and auto-immune conditions, and general health! Ed.)

Risk factors

Women develop Hashimoto’s disease more than men, with even greater risk during pregnancy and the post-partum period.  Being middle-aged increases risk, as does smoking, stress and trauma. Family history is also a factor.  


Diagnosing Hashimoto’s disease involves a physical exam, medical history, and blood tests that include:  

  • TSH test to detect thyroid-stimulating hormone in the blood 
  • T4 test to detect the actual amount of thyroid hormone in the blood
  • Anti-thyroid antibody test to look for antibodies that may be attacking the body’s tissue
  • Imaging tests, such as ultrasound or CT scans, may also be ordered


According to the Mayo Clinic, the symptoms of Hashimoto’s disease are primarily those of an under-active thyroid, and can include:

feelin crook







  • Puffy face
  • Stiff, painful joints
  • Prolonged or excessive menstrual bleeding
  • Muscle weakness (especially in lower extremities)
  • Muscle aches and tenderness (especially in shoulders and hips)
  • Depression
  • Fatigue
  • Hoarse voice
  • Constipation
  • Increased sensitivity to cold
  • Sluggishness, fatigue

Possible Complications 

Dr. Mira Milas notes that Hashimoto’s disease can increase the risk of other conditions such as Graves’ disease, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, vitiligo, lupus, premature ovarian failure, Addison’s disease, and even a type of thyroid cancer.

Natural Treatments 

Besides seeking appropriate medical advice, some people address thyroid disorders by making changes in diet and lifestyle:








  • Increasing nutrients such as selenium, zinc, copper, vitamin A, B vitamins (especially vitamin B12), iron, and omega-3 fatty acids which must be balanced with omega-6
  • Eating a gluten-free diet
  • Addressing food allergies and sensitivities
  • Reducing stress 
  • Eliminating caffeine and refined carbohydrates
  • Eating more protein and fats and fewer grains (which should be soaked, sprouted or fermented)
  • Reducing systemic inflammation
  • Detoxifying the body



Natural Remedies for Hashimoto’s Disease ; Hashimoto’s Disease ; Hashimoto’s Disease Symptoms ; Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis Complications ; 13 Ways to Treat Hypothyroidism Naturally


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